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Members of the Reserve Components (RC) have had to balance a military career along with a civilian career. Often times, this balance works to the advantage of both the military and the civilian employer. However, a persistent state of conflict and has altered the use of the reserve components from a strategic reserve to an operational reserve, the customary balance between a military and a civilian career is now being threatened by multiple deployments. This paper will examine the effects of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *MILITARY RESERVES, *EMPLOYMENT, MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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In today's volatile, uncertain, complex and ambiguous (VUCA) environment, it is essential that organizations share and exploit the knowledge contained within the organization. This is especially true for large, highly complex organizations such as combatant commands. An organization that creates a culture that encourages collaboration and knowledge sharing with formal knowledge management (KM) principles is more likely to achieve success in the operational environment. Adopting and applying the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *COMBAT EFFECTIVENESS, *KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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As part of the US Department of Defense's Operationally Responsive Space (ORS) initiative, the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) developed the Target Indicator Experiment (TIE) payload for the TacSat-2 spacecraft, which was launched 16 December, 2006 on a Minotaur 1 launch vehicle from Wallops Island, Virginia. The TIE payload was an improved version of the primary payload developed for the TacSat-1 spacecraft. One of the main enhancements was the addition of a software definable radio receiver...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC, *RADIO EQUIPMENT, *MILITARY SATELLITES, DETECTION,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Founded in 1982, RAND Arroyo Center is the United States Army's sole federally funded research and development center (FFRDC) for studies and analysis. For at least four years, the U.S. Army has been working to restore balance to a force consumed by the pressing demands of two overseas contingencies. Of perhaps greatest concern is the enduring effect on the all-volunteer force, as soldiers and their families adapt to the strains of multiple deployments, combat and its aftereffects, and a high...
Topics: DTIC Archive, RAND ARROYO CENTER SANTA MONICA CA, *ARMY RESEARCH, *MILITARY PERSONNEL, *LOGISTICS,...
Biology implements fundamental principles that allow for attractive mechanical properties as observed in biomineralized structures. For example, diatom algae contain nanoporous hierarchical silicified shells that provide mechanical defense from predators and virus penetration. These shells are surprisingly tough when compared to bulk silica, which is one of the most brittle materials known. However, the reason for the enhanced mechanical properties has remained elusive. Here, it is proposed...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE DEPT OF CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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An Integrated Coordination Problem involves solving multiple related subproblems that collectively satisfy the requirements of a user, including subproblems that depend on the user's participation to solve. Fundamental challenges in solving such a problem include defining mechanisms to solve the individual subproblems. formulating the information and control flow between these mechanisms that supports flexible end-to-end problem-solving, and providing access for people to oversee and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEFENSE ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECTS AGENCY ARLINGTON VA INFORMATION PROCESSING...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The annual State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs appropriations bill has been the primary legislative vehicle through which Congress reviews the U.S. international affairs budget and influences executive branch foreign policy making in recent years, as Congress has not regularly considered these issues through a complete authorization process for State Department diplomatic activities since 2003 and for foreign aid programs since 1985. Funding for Foreign Operations and State...
Topics: DTIC Archive, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE, *FOREIGN AID,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The Joint Mental Health Advisory Team 7 to Operation Enduring Freedom (J-MHAT 7 OEF) was established at the request of senior operational leaders and supported by the leadership of US Forces Afghanistan (USFOR-A). As in previous years, the Office of The Surgeon General of the Army took the lead in mission execution; however, the mission was supported by the Offices of the Surgeons' General of the Navy and Air Force along with the Office of the Medical Officer of the Marine Corps. In addition,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, OFFICE OF THE SURGEON GENERAL (ARMY) FALLS CHURCH VA, *MENTAL HEALTH, *AFGHANISTAN...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The threat of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) that has emerged in conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan since 2003 is a contemporary example of conventional militaries being confronted with a tactical surprise with operational--if not strategic--implications. Those implications can necessitate institutional responses to avoid strategic defeat in what, for many countries, are wars of discretion. Operational surprise, as defined in this examination, differs from strategic shocks as described by...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLL STRATEGIC STUDIES INST CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *IMPROVISED EXPLOSIVE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This research was conducted in response to a request by the Navy Manpower Analysis Center. The research examined the Preventive Maintenance to Corrective Maintenance Ratio (PM:CM) as part of the Ship Manpower Document (SMD) requirements development process. Established in 1968, the PM:CM ratio has never been revised. Previous research indicates that the PM:CM ratio used by NAVMAC underestimates actual CM performed on board ships. The research examined the 1:1 (electrical) and 2:1 (mechanical)...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *DESTROYERS, *PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE, SHIPS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This document is an index of all spectrum signature data collected in accordance with procedures in MIL-STD-449( ) and submitted to ECAC. It is published for the purpose of acquainting government agencies and their contractors with the availability of this information. Users desiring any of these documents are requested to requisition them through the Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC), not from ECAC. For this purpose, DTIC reference numbers have been included where available. Those...
Topics: DTIC Archive, IIT RESEARCH INST ANNAPOLIS MD, *DOCUMENTS, *INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, *SPECTRUM...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Despite a formal relationship with the EU that spans over fifty years, Turkey's bid for full membership remains stalled in political deadlock and faces growing resistance in some European capitals based on cultural grounds. This has led many observers, including the U.S. secretary of defense, to the conclusion that the EU is responsible for pushing Turkey to the East. This view has been heavily influenced by recent Turkish actions in the region. Foremost among them has been the public and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *FOREIGN POLICY, *ISRAEL, *INTERNATIONAL...
While current systems engineering certification courses within the Department of Defense appear to do a pretty good job of training and educating the workforce improvements can be made. The use of more problem-based methods of learning would equip the students with better problem identification and reasoning skills needed to solve the complex problems they encounter on the job. Learning outcomes in some of these courses could be rewritten to target the analyze evaluate, and create levels of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *SYSTEMS ENGINEERING, JOB TRAINING, TAXONOMY,...
These recommendations from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) update the previous recommendations for anthrax vaccine adsorbed (AVA) (CDC. Use of anthrax vaccine in the United States: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices [ACIP]. MMWR 2000;49:1-20; CDC. Use of anthrax vaccine in response to terrorism: supplemental recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices [ACIP]. MMWR 2002;51:1024-6) and reflect the status of anthrax...
Topics: DTIC Archive, CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION ATLANTA GA, *BACILLUS ANTHRACIS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Two sets of observations from a NASA U-2 airplane flying at approximately 20 km altitude over nocturnal thunderstorms are reported. Photographs show frequent lightning activity in the upper part of the cloud. In some cases, only the diffuse illumination produced by the lightning can be seen. In other cases unobscured segments of lightning channels 1 km or longer are visible in clear air around and above the cloud. Multiple images of lightning channels, accidentally displaced on the film during...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION HUNTSVILLE AL GEORGE C MARSHALL SPACE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The STS-9/Induced Environment Contamination Monitor (IECM) mission is briefly described. Preliminary results and analyses are given for each of the 10 instruments comprising the IECM. The final section presents a summary of the major results.
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION HUNTSVILLE AL GEORGE C MARSHALL SPACE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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I am pleased to present this 29th Quarterly Report to the United States Congress and the Secretaries of State and Defense. The $61.45 billion U.S. reconstruction program in Iraq is undergoing its most significant transition since inception eight years ago. Of the many changes that will occur in the balance of 2011, the most momentous will be the departure of all U.S. troops by December 31. This historic event will signal the completion of the civilianizing of the U.S. reconstruction program....
Topics: DTIC Archive, SPECIAL INSPECTOR GENERAL FOR IRAQ RECONSTRUCTION ARLINGTON VA, *IRAQ, ECONOMICS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Operational performance of kilowatt-class thin-disk ceramic and single crystal Yb:YAG lasers is presented. High pump power is applied to various thin-disk assemblies on two different test beds. The assemblies are composed of Amplified Spontaneous Emission (ASE) caps, 200 microns gain media, and heat sinks made of SiC, sapphire, or diamond. A novel mounting and cooling process is described. Finite Element Analysis (FEA) modeling of the assemblies is performed using COMSOL stress and thermal...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB KIRTLAND AFB NM, *QUALITY, *CERAMIC MATERIALS, *YAG LASERS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Most systems now provide multiple functions and multiple capabilities (MFMC) in a single solution. Yet, it has become increasingly challenging for managers to properly assess the development and acquisition of these systems to ensure the achievement of adequate system maturity. Moreover, such a challenge is compounded when the systems are not only comprised of MFMC but have multiple or competing technology and integration alternatives. This challenge then raises a fundamental question: How do...
Topics: DTIC Archive, STEVENS INST OF TECHNOLOGY HOBOKEN NJ, *SYSTEMS ANALYSIS, SOLUTIONS(GENERAL),...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Human arylamine N-acetyltransferases 1 (NAT1) is a phase II cytosolic enzyme responsible for the biotransformation of many arylamine compounds including pharmaceuticals and environmental carcinogens. A common environmental carcinogen found in cigarette smoke is an aromatic amine, 4-aminobiphenyl (ABP). Arylamines such as ABP can either be inactivated via N-acetylation or activated via O-acetylation by NAT1. ABP can be N-acetylated and then excreted from the body. However, if ABP is first...
Topics: DTIC Archive, LOUISVILLE UNIV RESEARCH FOUNDATION INC KY OFFICE OF GRANTS MANAGEMENT, *RISK,...
The current cost-constrained environment within the federal government and the Department of Defense (DoD) requires a defensible approach to cost reductions without compromising the productivity of core defense processes. Therefore defense leaders today must maintain and modernize the United States Armed Forces to retain technological superiority while simultaneously balancing defense budget cost constraints and extensive military operational commitments. At the same time, defense leaders must...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *MILITARY BUDGETS, *SHIPS, *MAINTENANCE, COST...
Acquisition decisions drive resource requirements that are spread widely across the Department of Defense (DoD). DoD policy and Federal statute call for using the Fully Burdened Cost of Fuel (FBCF) in cost estimates in Analyses of Alternatives (AoAs) that support acquisition decision making so that decisions reflect all of the costs throughout the DoD organization that will be incurred (or saved) by a given acquisition decision. An Economic Input/Output (EIO) model of the DoD organization could...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *ECONOMIC ANALYSIS, *INPUT OUTPUT PROCESSING,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Many of us are familiar with the memos and directives from Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics Dr. Ashton B. Carter regarding Improving the Tradecraft in Services Acquisition. The Defense Acquisition University (DAU) has taken a leading role in developing a process to train the acquisition community on how to more effectively acquire services. With over half of the total expenditures across DoD going toward the acquisition of services ($212.8 billion) in FY09,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEFENSE ACQUISITION UNIV FT BELVOIR VA, *CONTRACTED SERVICES, *ACQUISITION, STRATEGY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This report provides an overview of Jordanian politics and current issues in U.S.-Jordanian relations. It provides a brief discussion of Jordan's government and economy and of its cooperation in promoting Arab-Israeli peace and other U.S. policy objectives in the Middle East. Several issues in U.S.-Jordanian relations are likely to figure in decisions by Congress and the Administration on future aid to and cooperation with Jordan. These include the stability of the Jordanian regime, the role of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE, *JORDAN, *POLITICAL...
This paper and presentation will share four years of research by the Naval War College into the operational requirements for a service-oriented architecture (SOA) for the Navy's operational level of war applied at the Navy's Maritime Operations Centers (MOCs). It will also argue that the cost-benefit analysis for SOA must be the improved operational effectiveness of the organization, not just the lower costs of data management and reduced redundancies of legacy systems. It will share a model...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI, *COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE, DATA MANAGEMENT, COST BENEFIT...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Under a task titled ESTCP/SERDP: Assessment of Traditional and Emerging Approaches to the Detection and Identification of Surface and Buried Unexploded Ordnance, the Institute for Defense Analyses (IDA) was assigned the responsibility to assist ESTCP in planning, executing, and scoring the classification demonstration carried out at San Luis Obispo, CA. IDA's principal functions were to provide seed emplacement locations and burial procedures, create a master anomaly list, develop scoring...
Topics: DTIC Archive, INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA, *UNEXPLODED AMMUNITION, CLASSIFICATION,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Severe transient ballistic shocks from projectile impacts, mine blasts, or overhead artillery attacks can incapacitate an occupant at low frequencies, or sensitive equipment at high frequencies, if they are not properly attenuated by armor protective systems. Unique challenges exist in developing armor protective systems for mitigating both low and high frequency ballistic shocks due to the lack of robust design methodology, the severe dynamic loading conditions, and the uncertainties in...
Topics: DTIC Archive, M4 ENGINEERING INC LONG BEACH CA, *ARMOR, *BONES, *SHOCK MITIGATION, DENSITY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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In the Verification and Validation (V&V) phase, whenever there is a newer release of a given program, test engineers need to re-conduct all the tests performed on the previous program release-a costly process known as regression testing. By using the concept of program slicing, this project aims to be more effective in managing costly human effort by selectively retesting the subset of the newer program release that is critical and necessary. Program Slicing is an abstraction and program...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *OPEN SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE, ALGORITHMS,...
The delivery of police services has been governed by various strategic management plans. Flaws exposed in the professional model gave rise to the development of community policing (COP). Eventually, dissatisfaction with COP gave rise to Compstat. Today, Compstat is the dominant strategic model for the provision of police services in the U.S. and, has been credited with significantly improving the delivery of police services. The practical implementation of Compstat has however, exposed certain...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *MODELS, *POLICE, *HAZARDS, *MANAGEMENT,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Since nationalizing its oil industry in 1938, Mexico has maintained high levels of fiscal dependency on oil revenues. However, oil production in Mexico is quickly declining. In fact, oil production levels in 2010 were at their lowest levels in 20 years. Petroleos Mexicanos (Pemex), Mexico's state-owned oil monopoly and cash cow, currently provides the Mexican government with approximately 40% of its total revenues. Mexican oil revenues have long been exploited and mismanaged by successive...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *CRISIS MANAGEMENT, *POLITICAL SCIENCE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of display type and robotic employment techniques on robotic control during dynamic dismounted Soldier operations. The study took place at Fort Benning, GA, using Soldiers from the Officer Candidate School (OCS) as participants. The employment techniques contrasted stationary bounding operation with operation of the robot while the Soldier was on the move. The two display types were a handheld display (HHD) and a helmet mounted display...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD HUMAN RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING...
This thesis analyzes the influence of deterrence and dissuasion measures against nation-states in an effort to further prevent the production and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) among emerging nation-states. The case study within provides a historical background for the evolution of WMD programs, emphasis on nuclear programs, in India and Iraq. The study then examines the influences that prompted the nation-state leaders to convert their commercial nuclear programs to into...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *MASS DESTRUCTION WEAPONS, *NUCLEAR...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Kuwait was pivotal to two decades of U.S. efforts to reduce a threat posed by Iraq. After U.S. forces liberated Kuwait from Iraqi invading forces in February 1991, Kuwait was the central location from which the United States contained Saddam during 1991-2003, and it hosted the bulk of the U.S.-led force that invaded Iraq in March 2003 to remove Saddam from power. It is the key route through which U.S. troops have been withdrawing from Iraq during 2009-2011. Kuwait's relations with the current...
Topics: DTIC Archive, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE, *KUWAIT,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The report presents the detailed formulation of nonlinear micromorphic continuum kinematics and balance equations (balance of mass; microinertia; linear, angular, and first moment of momentum; energy; and the Clausius-Duhem inequality). The theory is extended to elastoplasticity assuming a multiplicative decomposition of the deformation gradient and microdeformation tensor. A general three-level (macro, micro, and microgradient) micromorphic finite strain elastoplasticity theory results, with...
Topics: DTIC Archive, COLORADO UNIV AT BOULDER, *ELASTOPLASTICITY, NUMERICAL ANALYSIS, ELASTIC PROPERTIES,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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On February 7, 2010, Viktor Yanukovych defeated Prime Minister Yuliya Tymoshenko to win Ukraine's presidency. International monitors praised the conduct of the election, although Tymoshenko charged that the election had been fraudulent. Yanukovych was able to quickly to form a new parliamentary majority in the current parliament by inducing dozens of supporters of the previous government to change sides. The global economic crisis hit Ukraine hard. Ukraine's real Gross Domestic Product fell by...
Topics: DTIC Archive, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Determining the capabilities of the Japanese Self-Defense Force (JSDF) is necessary to understand its impact on U.S. Japan relations. Few scholars have done the due diligence needed to truly determine the capabilities of this force. For example, general descriptions of the capabilities of the JSDF overall ignore wide variation in the capabilities of its three branches. Additionally, Japan has increased its involvement in international security affairs during the past two decades, but its...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *FOREIGN POLICY, *INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The long-term goal of this project is to develop a robust and hardened high-resolution air-ocean coupled tropical cyclone (TC) data assimilation and prediction system that is able to assimilate the wide variety of available in-situ and remotely-sensed observations in order to analyze and predict TC structure and intensity changes in an operational environment. Significant gains have been made in TC track prediction over the past three decades. This considerable achievement is due, in large...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB MONTEREY CA, *OCEANOGRAPHIC DATA, *TROPICAL CYCLONES, PREDICTIONS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Effective, cost-efficient testing is critical to the long-term success of open architecture within the Navy's Integrated Warfare System. In previous research we have developed a simple, effective framework to examine the testing of complex systems. This model and its prototype decision aid provide a rigorous yet tractable approach to improve system testing, and to better understand and document the system and component interdependencies across the enterprise. An integral part of this model is...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *OPEN SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE, STRATEGY, MODELS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) started a new phase in 2008 August, with new instrumentation and new surveys focused on Galactic structure and chemical evolution, measurements of the baryon oscillation feature in the clustering of galaxies and the quasar Lyalpha forest, and a radial velocity search for planets around 8000 stars. This paper describes the first data release of SDSS-III (and the eighth counting from the beginning of the SDSS).The release includes five-band imaging of roughly...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL OBSERVATORY WASHINGTON DC, *STARS, ASTRONOMICAL BODIES, CHEMISTRY, CLUSTERING,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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On June 28, 2007, the United States and Panama signed a reciprocal free trade agreement (FTA). Negotiations were formally concluded on December 16, 2006, with an understanding that further changes to labor, environment, investment, and intellectual property rights (IPR) chapters would be made pursuant to future detailed congressional input. These changes were agreed to in late June 2007, in time for the FTA to be considered under Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) legislation before it expired on...
Topics: DTIC Archive, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE, *AGREEMENTS,...
This document is one of a series of Regional Supplements to the Corps of Engineers Wetland Delineation Manual, which provides technical guidance and procedures for identifying and delineating wetlands that may be subject to regulatory jurisdiction under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act or Section 10 of the Rivers and Harbors Act. The development of Regional Supplements is part of a nationwide effort to address regional wetland characteristics and improve the accuracy and efficiency of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER VICKSBURG MS ENVIRONMENTAL LAB, *WETLANDS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Absolute proper motions are determined for stars and galaxies to V = 17.5 over a 450 deg2 area that encloses both Magellanic Clouds. The proper motions are based on photographic and CCD observations of the Yale/San Juan Southern Proper Motion program, which span a baseline of 40 years. Multiple, local relative proper-motion measures are combined in an overlap solution using photometrically selected Galactic disk stars to define a global relative system that is then transformed to absolute using...
Topics: DTIC Archive, YALE UNIV NEW HAVEN CT DEPT OF ASTRONOMY, *ASTRONOMY, CLOUDS, MOTION, INTERSTELLAR...
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The question of how the United States should respond to China's military modernization effort, including its naval modernization effort, has emerged as a key issue in U.S. defense planning. Admiral Michael Mullen, the Chairman of the Joints Chiefs of Staff, stated in June 2010 that I have moved from being curious to being genuinely concerned about China's military programs. The question of how the United States should respond to China's military modernization effort is of particular importance...
Topics: DTIC Archive, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE, *MILITARY...
Crew members' hazardous attitudes (including invulnerability to stressors) have been identified as possible contributing factors to many aviation accidents, and a great deal of research in this area thus far has been directed toward developing effective training programs to modify them to reflect realistic and positive attitudes towards flight safety. Yet little research has explored the role of flight experience and risk−taking attitudes in explaining hazardous attitudes, especially...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEFENCE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT TORONTO (CANADA), *INSTRUCTORS, *GLIDERS,...
We model the regional highway system of Central California and consider the challenge of evacuating a highly populated region from the threat of catastrophic flood. Specifically, we build a minimum cost network flow problem to represent the movement of more than one million people within Yolo, Sacramento, San Joaquin, and Stanislaus Counties. Our model solves for best case evacuation routes and clearing times assuming perfect knowledge of flood inundation and road conditions. Our model is large...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *FLOODING, *CATASTROPHIC CONDITIONS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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In below-grade buildings and buried structures, such as hardened secure facilities used for munitions storage on U.S. Army installations, water intrusion can cause serious structural damage and destroy stored materiel. Standing water and high humidity inside the structures can interfere with operation of mission-critical equipment, corrode structural steel, and promote the growth of noxious molds. Electro-Osmotic Pulse (EOP) technology can reverse below-grade water intrusion through concrete...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER CHAMPAIGN IL CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Hungarian Special Operations Forces have the potential to enhance the security of Hungary. Seven years have passed from 2002, when the survey of the Cubic advisory team first recommended creating the Hungarian Special Operations Forces, until 2009 when these forces began operating in Afghanistan. In 2003, the Hungarian Ministry of Defense's comprehensive defense review identified special operations forces as a niche capability that could add strength to the defense forces and fill critical...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES, *HUNGARY, *DEFENSE...
This report describes a rational methodology for evaluating the strength and resiliency of earthen levees against wave overtopping forces during hurricanes. The new methodology was developed by extending Dean, et al.'s (2010) concept of cumulative excess work, which hypothesized that damage to grass-covered slopes is caused by cumulative work done by the overtopping waves in excess of some tolerable level. The erosional equivalence method is able to account for the fact that (1) earthen levees...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER VICKSBURG MS COASTAL AND HYDRAULICS LAB,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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As experienced on 9/11 and learned from the Katrina Report, catastrophic disasters produce environments where situational awareness is low and high levels of uncertainty and equivocality exist. As a result, due to decision-making limitations and an environment wrought with information inadequacies, decision making can become paralyzed. Using grounded theory methodology on disaster cases, and leveraging the theories and processes of Drucker's business model, the military decision-making process...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *DECISION MAKING, *CATASTROPHIC CONDITIONS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The fundamental objectives of the capstone design project in the Department of Astronautics at the United States Air Force Academy (USAFA) are for cadets to learn important engineering lessons by executing a real space mission on a Department of Defense-funded satellite project. FalconSAT-3 is a 50 kg, gravity gradient-stabilized designed and built by cadets and launched March 2007 on the first ESPA (Enhanced extended launch vehicle Satellite Payload Adapter) mission. FalconSAT-3 was one of six...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE ACADEMY COLORADO SPRINGS CO DEPT OF ASTRONAUTICS, *UNITED STATES AIR FORCE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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A two-state solution between Israel and Palestine requires guaranteed security for both nations, as well as commitments from surrounding nations and a cooperation of effort to prevent radical elements within society from disrupting what the majority desire, peace. This thesis will attempt to review the security conditions, as spelled out in the Oslo peace process, and concludes that the greatest failure was the approach. Oslo attempted to build up to a final solution through confidence-building...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *PALESTINIANS, *BORDER SECURITY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The fundamental objectives of the capstone design project in the Department of Astronautics at the United States Air Force Academy are for cadets to learn important engineering lessons by executing a real space mission on a Department of Defense-funded satellite project. FalconSAT-5 is a 153 kg, three-axis stabilized spacecraft being designed and built by cadets and scheduled for launch in December 2009 on a Minotaur-IV from Kodiak, Alaska. The satellite has a space science mission to measure...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE ACADEMY COLORADO SPRINGS CO DEPT OF ASTRONAUTICS, *UNITED STATES AIR FORCE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Targeting terrorist leadership is a common strategy used by governments. The appeal of a quick strike with minimal casualties, combined with the possible swift defeat of the terrorist organization, makes it a very attractive approach. It is important to understand the circumstances under which targeting terrorist leaders will be effective, and the circumstances where such an attack will increase support for the terrorists. This thesis utilizes the Freeman Terrorist Leadership Targeting Model to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *TERRORISTS, *LEADERSHIP, *CASE STUDIES,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The Collaborative Battlespace Reasoning Awareness (COBRA) project was developed out of the need to provide a closer alignment between the intelligence analyst and the operations officer. As a result several technological initiatives are under development to support collaboration and synchronization of intelligence, operations, and geospatial information and activities. The overall goal is to increase battle command unification through shared decision-making in an effort to support the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MILITARY ACADEMY WEST POINT NY DEPT OF BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES AND LEADERSHIP,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The 2010 National Security Strategy of the United States identified the global security threat posed by failing states. The USG response for these threats in the past has vacillated between diplomacy and military intervention, with less than optimum results. Recognition of the need for a Whole-of-Government response led to the formation of the State Department Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stability to promote the security of the United States through improved coordination, planning, and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *INTERAGENCY COORDINATION, *UNITED STATES...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This report summarizes the results of a literature review conducted to recommend suitable adaptation mechanisms for an intelligent tutoring system (ITS). Intelligent Tutoring technologies have been identified by Defence Research & Development Canada - Toronto as an effective training aid for the Canadian Forces (CF). A specific CF training course, the Improvised Explosive Device Disposal (IEDD) Operator Course, has been identified as a target for the implementation and evaluation of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEFENCE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT TORONTO (CANADA), *TEACHING METHODS, *LEARNING,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Cyberspace, and the technologies that enable it, allow people of every nationality, race, faith, and point of view to communicate, cooperate, and prosper like never before. Today, an American company can do business anywhere in the world with an Internet connection, supporting countless jobs and opportunities for the American people. Today, as nations and peoples harness the networks that are all around us, we have a choice. We can either work together to realize their potential for greater...
Topics: DTIC Archive, EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT WASHINGTON DC, *POLICIES, *INTERNET, COMPUTER...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Stated U.S. policy is to ensure that Afghanistan will not again become a base for terrorist attacks against the United States. Following three policy reviews on Afghanistan, the latest in December 2010, the Obama Administration asserts that it is pursuing a well-resourced and integrated military-civilian strategy intended to pave the way for a gradual transition to Afghan leadership beginning in July 2011 and to be completed by the end of 2014. Amid widespread doubts that Afghan governance and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE, *AFGHANISTAN,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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As the Department of Defense (DoD) seeks to transform itself for the 21st century, it has sought new and innovative methods to increase the effectiveness of its acquisition processes. One mechanism that attempts to accomplish this goal has been the expanded use of indefinite-delivery, indefinite-quantity (IDIQ) contracts. Questions can be raised about the best way to organize and manage an IDIQ contract. In order to develop a better understanding of this rapidly-growing contracting arrangement,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MARYLAND UNIV COLLEGE PARK CENTER FOR PUBLIC POLICY AND PRIVATE ENTERPRISE, *CONTRACT...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Genetic rearrangements that result in the formation of oncogenic fusion genes are well-characterized key events in cancer development in several rare haematological malignancies and sarcomas. Recently they have been suggested to play a major role also in common solid tumors, namely in a majority of prostate cancers. ERG, a member of the ETS transcription factor family known to be involved in different oncogenic fusions, is frequently overexpressed in clinical prostate cancer, driven by its...
Topics: DTIC Archive, SLOAN-KETTERING INST FOR CANCER RESEARCH NEW YORK, *PROSTATE CANCER, *ONCOGENIC...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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In FY 2009, the Office of Naval Research (ONR), in collaboration with Program Executive Office for Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence (PEO C4I), initiated a modified S&T development process designed to deliver new capabilities for the Navy's Maritime Tactical C2 (MTC2) POR. This new initiative is the C2 Rapid Prototyping Continuum (C2RPC) and is jointly funded by ONR and PEO C4I. In this relationship, new technology prototypes are assessed in an operational...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVY PEO (COMMAND CONTROL COMMUNICAITONS COMPUTERS AND INTELLIGENCE) SAN DIEGO...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Models in space and space-time are essential for representing the battlespace. For example, they are used in estimating a dynamically evolving danger function or in predicting a waypoint in the presence of uncertainties. In netcentric warfare, the uncertainties reside not only in the variables at the network's nodes, but also in the presence or absence of network nodes and the dependencies between the nodes. This occurs when a node may only be operational intermittently or when the enemy's...
Topics: DTIC Archive, OHIO STATE UNIV COLUMBUS DEPT OF STATISTICS, *UNCERTAINTY, *NETWORKS, NODES,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The pressure dependence of flame propagation in an Al/CuO nanoscale thermite was studied. Experiments were performed by loosely packing the Al/CuO mixture in an instrumented burn tube, which was placed in a large volume, constant pressure chamber with optical windows. A high-speed camera was used to take photographic data, and six pressure transducers equally spaced along the length of the burn tube were used to measure the local transient pressure. Ambient pressures were varied between 0 and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIV UNIVERSITY PARK DEPT OF MECHANICAL AND NUCLEAR ENGINEERING,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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An Interactive Defense Switched Network Simulator (IDSIM) has been implemented, consisting of an enhanced Call-by- Call Simulator (CCSIM) in one computer interfaced with a Network Management Expert System (NMES) in a second computer. The operation of IDSIM is similar to that of a real-world theater Defense Switched Network (DSN) and its community of users, at a future time when the DSN is fully installed and an Expert System at each theater operations center performs DSN network management (NM)...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH LEXINGTON LINCOLN LAB, *COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS, DEFENSE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Climate change and the vast amount of natural resources in the Arctic region have prompted awareness of the need for new policies among Arctic states, including the U.S., and stimulated throughout the entire international community a critical assessment of the issues regarding the Arctic region. All of this could result in potential conflict in this critical region of the world. The Arctic's ice cover as of spring 2010 was the lowest it has ever been at that time of year, and it is melting...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *HOMELAND SECURITY, *ARCTIC REGIONS, *NATIONAL...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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For four successive years, Congress has rejected Administration proposals to terminate the program to develop the General Electric/Rolls-Royce F136 engine as an alternative to the Pratt & Whitney F135 engine that currently powers the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF). The Administration's FY2012 budget submission again requests no funds for the program. The alternate engine program began in FY1996, when defense authorization conferees directed DOD to ensure that the JSF (then JAST) program...
Topics: DTIC Archive, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE, *AIRCRAFT ENGINES,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Logic is a powerful tool for analyzing and verifying systems, including programs, discrete systems real-time systems, hybrid systems, and distributed systems. Some applications also have a stochastic behavior, however, either because of fundamental properties of nature, uncertain environments or simplifications to overcome complexity. Discrete probabilistic systems have been studied using logic. But logic has been chronically underdeveloped in the context of stochastic hybrid systems, i.e.,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA DEPT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE, *LOGIC, *HYBRID SYSTEMS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Hugo Chavez poses a direct threat to U.S. interests in the Western Hemisphere by undermining U.S. sponsored security, political, and economic initiatives. Chavez aims at promoting anti-Americanism sentiment and regional instability in the Andean Ridge by supporting transnational terrorism and providing safe havens to regional terrorist organizations. His attempts at promoting regional instability will lead to the possible proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and increased terrorist...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLL STRATEGIC STUDIES INST CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *SECURITY, *VENEZUELA,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Confronted with the sudden death of a leader, terrorist groups become cornered animals. When wounded, they lash out. Not only in hopes of surviving, but also to demonstrate their remaining power and continued relevance. Al- Qaida is no different. As its statement issued on May 6, 2011 confirming Usama bin Ladin?s death declared, ?The soldiers of Islam, groups and individuals, will continue planning without tiredness or boredom, and without despair or surrender, and without weakness or...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MILITARY ACADEMY WEST POINT NY COMBATING TERRORISM CENTER, *FOREIGN POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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There are four long term goals, as follows, in descending order of priority. 1) Characterize fully, from a physics-based model, the inter-relationships that exist between the geo-acoustic properties (i.e., compressional-wave speed and attenuation, shear-wave speed and attenuation, frequency, density, porosity, grain size, grain shape and overburden pressure) of saturated, unconsolidated granular media such as marine sediments. 2) Develop a deep-diving acoustic monitoring system capable of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, SCRIPPS INSTITUTION OF OCEANOGRAPHY LA JOLLA CA MARINE PHYSICAL LAB, *GEOACOUSTICS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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We developed the ReaxFF first-principles based reactive molecular dynamics (RMD) modeling approach to determine the nanoscale phenomena underlying shock detonation processes of energetic materials (EM). Using the ReaxFF approach, we proposed Compressive Shear Reactive Dynamics (CS-RD) simulation methodology to predict sensitivity of explosive crystals under combined shock and shear load. We also developed empirical van der Waals correction to Density Functional Theory for calculating accurate...
Topics: DTIC Archive, CALIFORNIA INST OF TECH PASADENA DIV OF CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING, *HIGH...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Extensive modifications have been made in the existing Defense Switched Network (DSN) Call-by-Call Simulator (CCSIM) to permit its use in learning how to apply Network Management techniques in the DSN. The initial capabilities and purposes of the CCSIM are described, and the requirements for the modifications are explained. In particular, the current DSN Network Management control options are defined and explained. The upgrading of CCSIM has been completed, and some hundreds of simulation runs...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH LEXINGTON LINCOLN LAB, *COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS, VOICE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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A prototype pressure sensing suit capability was developed successfully that allows real-time pressure data to be captured whilst performing activities in the field that cannot be readily simulated in the laboratory. Three military subjects were used to collect representative pressure data from a series of standard battlefield-type activities. The impact of terrain and wearing additional combat equipment was also investigated. The data obtained from this study indicated that the mean pressures...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEFENSE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY LAB SALISBURY (UNITED KINGDOM), *PRESSURE SUITS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This bibliography supports the Civil-Military Relations special theme of the U.S. Army War College's curriculum. It focuses on the principle of civilian control over the military in the United States, but also includes a wide range of references for topics directly related, such as the military profession, strategy, policy, homeland defense, civil support, and the use of force. We have also provided a section about the civil-military relations of other countries. Not a comprehensive listing,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *COMMUNITY RELATIONS, *BIBLIOGRAPHIES, HOMELAND...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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A major activity during FY91 has been the design and implementation of a new Artificial Intelligence (Al) Utility architecture for the Integrated Workstation (IW) used by network management personnel at Defense Information Systems Agency-Europe (DISA-Europe). For the new utility, Lincoln has developed a revised IW Expert System (IWES) that no longer depends on the neural network component of the old architecture for problem detection. In addition, the new IWES has monitors that produce Alert...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH LEXINGTON LINCOLN LAB, *COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS, NEURAL...
The goals of this MURI were to develop the next generation suite of instruments for sensitively probe biomolecules of interest. We have very successfully pursued plasmon based nanostructures as substrates to enhance various optical spectroscopies such as surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy, surface enhanced infra red absorption, metal enhanced fluorescence, surface enhanced Raman optical activity and LSPR sensing. We have developed a complete theoretical understanding of the electromagnetic...
Topics: DTIC Archive, RICE UNIV HOUSTON TX, *SPECTROSCOPY, OPTICAL PROPERTIES, NANOSTRUCTURES, PLASMONS,...
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Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The ultimate goal of this project is to understand the structure-property correlation in organometallic complexes in order to develop broadband nonlinear transmission materials. To realize this goal, we have synthesized and performed systematic photophysical study and nonlinear optical characterization of 87 square-planar platinum terdentate/bidentate complexes, 5 texaphyrin derivatives, and 6 stilbazolium derivatives. In addition, we investigated the photophysics and nonlinear absorption of 10...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NORTH DAKOTA STATE UNIV FARGO, *NONLINEAR SYSTEMS, *TRANSMITTANCE, *BROADBAND,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This thesis evaluates efforts by neoconservatives during the George W. Bush administration to re-orient and perpetuate their foreign policy principles away from the status quo realist stance dominant during the Cold War. It will examine the main principles of neoconservatives, namely the promotion of democracy through the exertion of American power, and demonstrate how these principles have changed America's foreign policy. This thesis argues that neoconservatives have advocated a forward...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *FOREIGN POLICY, *COLD WAR, *IRAQI WAR,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The nation requires reform to the antiquated processes for interagency coordination in the development and implementation of United States grand strategy. Both current and future administrations of the United States must deal with many new and emerging challenges not considered threats during the Cold War. Current threats and opportunities are more diffuse and ambiguous than in the past. This new environment necessitates the United States pursue a comprehensive or whole of government approach...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *STRATEGY, *UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT, *NATIONAL...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Briefing looks at the shipbuilding and life cycle costs, identifying problems at the very beginning of the design stage. Focuses on adverse impact of Outside-In design philosophy.
Topics: DTIC Archive, SHIP DESIGN USA INC KEEDYSVILLE MD, *SHIPBUILDING, *SYSTEMS ENGINEERING, *COSTS,...
As Armed Non-State Actors (ANSAs) become increasingly involved in both perpetuating and resolving persistent social conflict, understanding the strategic decision making of these groups is critical. To address this issue, we conducted an extensive literature review focused on determining what is known regarding judgment and decision making approaches considered in the context of team, small group, and organizational settings. Our review resulted in the development of a guiding framework that...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEFENCE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT TORONTO (CANADA), *DECISION MAKING, GROUP DYNAMICS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Looks at relationship between government and contractors
Topics: DTIC Archive, TENNESSEE UNIV KNOXVILLE INST OF NATIONAL DEFENSE BUSINESS, *MILITARY PROCUREMENT,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Our long-term scientific goal is to understand the basic physics of low-frequency long-range sound propagation in the ocean, and the effects of environmental variability on signal stability and coherence. We seek to understand the fundamental limits to signal processing imposed by ocean variability to enable advanced signal processing techniques, including matched field processing and other adaptive array processing methods.
Topics: DTIC Archive, ROSENSTIEL SCHOOL OF MARINE AND ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE MIAMI FL DIV OF APPLIED MARINE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This briefing looks at the perception that defense acquisition programs are mismanaged. It presents the proposition that professional Program Managers (PMs) contribute to improved acquisition outcomes.
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA GRADUATE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND PUBLIC POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This month, we continued fabrication of the Version 3.1 switches on three glass wafers. The fabrication was unsuccessful due to delamination of the sacrificial polymer, which occurred during deposition of the oxynitride structure layer. To address this and other fabrication issues, we redesigned the switch layout that included larger anchor points, gusseted spring connections, switch variations with 2x and 3x increases in the electrostatic electrode size, and a new chip with bench-style...
Topics: DTIC Archive, SRI INTERNATIONAL MENLO PARK CA PHYSICAL SCIENCES DIV, *MICROELECTROMECHANICAL...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The long-term goal of this work is an integrated defense system that provides protection of Navy assets, while in port, from the threat posed by covert swimmers. The general concept is to hail, deter, and/or incapacitate the threat by directing a controlled level of low-frequency acoustic energy at the target location. At the system level, the concept requires combining elements of target detection, classification, and tracking, localized fire control to direct acoustic energy using emplaced...
Topics: DTIC Archive, PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIV STATE COLLEGE APPLIED RESEARCH LAB, *ACOUSTIC WAVES, *HARBOR...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The long-term objective of this work is to develop methods for rapid assessment of seabed variability combined with detailed localized geoacoustic inversions to characterize the bottom for shallow-water environments. Consideration is given to spatial and temporal variability of water column properties common to shallow-water environments and their impact on inversion results. Methods will be developed in recognition of Navy needs for Rapid Environmental Assessment (REA) in littoral regions and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIV UNIVERSITY PARK APPLIED RESEARCH LAB, *GEOACOUSTICS, *SHALLOW...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This thesis analyzes the effects of unemployment on first-term attrition for U.S. Navy enlisted personnel in the pay grades of E-1 to E-9 with no prior service that attrited between fiscal years 1999 and 2007. Four separate probit models were formed to analyze the effect of the state unemployment rate on first-term attrition for Navy enlisted personnel for cohorts during six months of service, 12 months of service, 24 months of service and 45 months of service. A second model type analyzed...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *ENLISTED PERSONNEL, *UNEMPLOYMENT, ATTRITION,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The Florida Domestic Security Strategic Plan 2009 to 2011 does not prioritize, assign or use metrics to define its goals, objectives or subobjectives thereby making it less effective. The research found prioritization to be a necessary element for achieving results that in turn lead to funding, which is the most significant determinant of progress. Priorities should be kept to a manageable number and remain flexible to adapt to changing threats. Assignment of responsibility was determined to be...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *DOMESTIC, *LAW ENFORCEMENT, *HOMELAND...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The purpose of this thesis is to analyze historical United States Marine Corps enlisted attrition behavior and apply time series forecasting techniques by grade and Years of Service in order to identify methods to improve manpower analysts' ability to effectively forecast attrition behavior. This study compared the results of one to five-year Moving Average models and the results of one to five-year Weighted Moving Average models based on two Measures of Effectiveness, Mean Square Error and the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *ERRORS, *MANPOWER, *MARINE CORPS OPERATIONS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The goal of this research is to provide a way for frontline troops to securely store and exchange sensitive information on a network of mobile devices with resiliency. The first portion of the thesis is the design of a file system to meet military mission specific security and resiliency requirements. The design integrates advanced concepts including erasure coding, Shamir's threshold based secret sharing algorithm, and symmetric AES cryptography. The resulting system supports two important...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *TELEPHONE SYSTEMS, *SECURE COMMUNICATIONS,...
During the past decade researchers have been considering vector sensors for use in linear towed arrays for passive target detection. Linear processing is often used due to its simplicity and significant directivity improvements. Nonlinear processing holds the potential for further directivity improvements; however, it also presents the risk of amplifying uncorrelated noise. This thesis simulated a correlated signal in uncorrelated noise to investigate the potential of a nonlinear (but...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *TARGET DETECTION, *LINEAR ARRAYS, *TOWED...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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With regard to future command relationships, on 17 November 2008 the US and Iraqi Ambassadors, signed an agreement agreeing to a 31 December 2011 date for the withdrawal of all United States forces from all Iraqi territory. At that time, the two forces will fall under two national complementary commands, with Iraq as the supported nation and the US as the supporting nation, across the spectrum of conflict - in crisis and war. As a supporting nation, the US headquarters will need to perform...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLL STRATEGIC STUDIES INST CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN),...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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We theoretically study light propagation through sub-wavelength apertures on a silver substrate filled with GaAs, in the enhanced transmission regime. We predict enhanced conversion efficiencies even under high absorption conditions.
Topics: DTIC Archive, AEGIS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP INC HUNTSVILLE AL, *SECOND HARMONIC GENERATION, ABSORPTION,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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CHIPS is sponsored by the Department of the Navy Chief Information Officer (DON CIO), the Enterprise Software Initiative and Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center Pacific. CHIPS is published quarterly by the Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center Atlantic. In this issue, DON CIO Privacy Lead Steve Muck discusses the history of the Social Security number, the proliferation of this unique personal identifier within the Defense Department, the Department of the Navy plan to reduce the use of the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY WASHINGTON DC, *COMPUTER CRIMES, *INFORMATION SECURITY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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In July 2007, the USD (AT&L) established CSBs for every current and future major defense acquisition program in development as a measure to limit requirements change and avoid cost increases. The CSBs were to have a broad membership, including senior representatives from the offices of USD (AT&L) and Joint Staff. CSBs were intended to review all requirements and significant technical configuration changes with the potential to adversely affect the program. The USD (AT&L) directed...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC, *SCHEDULING, *COSTS, *STEERING,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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U.S. Army helicopter maintenance condition is affected by operation environment and high flight hours. Due to the environmental conditions and high operation tempo of Afghanistan and Iraq, U.S. Army Aviation created the RESET aviation maintenance program to provide restorative maintenance following deployments in theater. The RESET maintenance program was created in addition to the existing two-level maintenance programs. Following deployment, RESET is a thorough cleaning to remove...
Topics: DTIC Archive, WESTERN KENTUCKY UNIV BOWLING GREEN, *ARMY AIRCRAFT, *AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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A problem-based learning (PBL) strategy (Schwartz & Bransford, 1998) was used to develop a training protocol to enhance Infantry lieutenants? adaptive thinking/problem solving skills in the context of a mission planning exercise. The training protocol was tested using recent graduates of the Infantry Basic Officer Leader Course (IBOLC). Participants were assigned to either an experimental (PBL training) or a control (partial treatment) group. Both groups were exposed to four planning...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES FORT BENNING GA,...
Background: 1-Octen-3-ol (octenol) is a common attractant released by vertebrates which in combination with carbon dioxide (CO2) attracts hematophagous arthropods including mosquitoes. A receptor neuron contained within basiconic sensilla on the maxillary palps of adult mosquitoes responds selectively to 1-octen-3-ol. Recently, an odorant receptor (AaegOR8) known to occur on the maxillary palps was expressed in a heterologous system and demonstrated to be selectively sensitive to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BELTSVILLE MD, *YELLOW FEVER VIRUS, *AEDES, *CULICIDAE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Aug 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The purpose of this monograph is to examine whether the measures of effectiveness used in Special Forces officer education venues are sufficient to address the operational requirements over a career in a holistic manner. Past education evaluations approach measurements in an isolated manner and are limited temporally. The educational experiences of the officer over a career have many lasting aspects that should be evaluated in context if approached in a holistic fashion and, in great part,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *SPECIAL FORCES, *OFFICER...